The Vedas are considered the earliest literary record of Indo-Aryan civilization, and the most sacred compositions of India. They are the original scriptures of Hindu teachings, and contain spiritual knowledge encompassing all aspects of our life. Vedic literature with its philosophical maxims has stood the test of time and is the highest religious authority for all sections of Hindus in particular and for mankind in general.
“Veda” means wisdom, knowledge or vision, and it manifests the language of the gods in human speech. The laws of the Vedas regulate the social, legal, domestic and religious customs of the Hindus to the present day. All the obligatory duties of the Hindus at birth, marriage, death etc. owe their allegiance to the Vedic ritual. They draw forth the thought of successive generation of thinkers, and so contain within it the different strata of thought
Vedas were handed down through generations by word of mouth from time immemorial. The general assumption is that the Vedic hymns were either taught by God to the sages or that they were revealed to the sages who were the seers or “मन्त्रद्रष्टा“(mantradrashtas) of the hymns. The Vedas were mainly compiled by Vyasa Krishna Dwaipayana and written in Vedic Sanskrit between 1500 and 500 BCE (Before Common Era).
Interpretation of Vedic life for Modern times
After the completion of education, the youthful boys and girls should enter matrimonial life. Marriages should not be fixed based on the wealth of the parties concerned. The habit of paying money to either the groom or the bride should be abandoned. If acceptance for the marriage has been given after taking money, it would end up that the boy or the girl, as the case may be, has sold himself/herself. In such circumstances, the marriage itself becomes null and void in as much as the mantras chanted during the ceremony would have no meaning. The person who has sold himself/herself gets no right for the performance of the vedic rituals with attendant mantras as he/she is not independent anymore. It should be understood that the ceremony of marriage is a vedic ritual and the pomp and wasteful expenditure and too much crowding etc should be avoided.
The couple after marriage should regard each other with reverence. The wife is Divine incarnate for the husband and vice versa. The couple should worship the vivaha agni kept alive since the day of marriage, both in the morning and evening by doing oblations in the agni. This is not a difficult matter at all. Due to some reason, if the vivaha fire gets extinguished, it is enough to do a homa for expiating the mistake and then the daily worship should be continued. The couple should also perform the Gayatri worship without fail.
It is incorrect to think that one can remain happy and comfortable throughout by modern education, strength of money, comfortable modern living arrangements etc. and totally ignore Bharatheeya Vedic/ Hindu religion(BVR) and its injunctions and practices. So, all should endeavour to follow the path declared by BVR bequeathed to the mankind by Ishwara for the specific purpose of bestowing happiness and comfort on the created beings, taking into account the secrets of creation etc. and obtain Divine Grace.
It is not sufficient if one takes care of the worldly life. Attention should be paid for the life after death also. These two are interconnected and the arrangements in the vedas and agamas have been made taking into account this connection.
Doubts may arise in the minds of people whether it is possible to observe the various tenets of Vedas in the present day world, where the lifestyle is totally different from that prevailing in the Vedic period. Life during the Vedic period was very much in tune with Nature and our Maharishis were doing penance to understand and reveal the secrets of the Creation, its Creator and a whole lot of The principles underlying these aspects and their activities were mainly for the benefit of mankind. We also should understand that apart from Maharishis, ordinary people like us also lived during those periods. They were carrying on with their profession like agriculture, commerce, trade, artisanship and a host of other activities similar to our present-day activities, the difference being that they were knowing the Vedas also as well as their other avocations.
Hence even in the present day, it may not be very difficult to dovetail the essential Vedic activities in our present routine. We have to conduct an audit about our Time utilisation and rearrange suitably as given below
- Upanayanam and Gayathri initiation.
- Learning of Vedas .( at least essential suktas(recitations)and chanting Gayathri mantra.(Gayathri is the essence of vedas)
- Leading a married life only.
- Performing important samskaras (rites)as said in the vedas with the help Of those who are well versed with it.
- Undertake the path/work for sustinence as one desires and lead a happy and successful life